Ag stats: Colorado crop progress and condition report – week ending October 21, 2018

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Published Tuesday, October 23, 2018

Hard freezes in several areas last week ended the growing season, as producers continued harvest and fall planting where conditions allowed, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

Winter wheat planted was nearly complete by week's end and hard freezes aided crop dry down.

Northeastern county reporters noted prior moisture and cool temps delayed fieldwork in areas and slowed winter wheat emergence, but warm temperatures later in the week allowed harvest to continue. A reporter in Morgan county noted sugar beet harvest was in full swing last week.

In east central counties, scattered moisture was received last week. A reporter noted prior moisture continued to hamper fall harvest.

Reporters in southwestern counties noted recent rains improved conditions, but moisture has been unevenly distributed and exceptional drought conditions persist.

In the San Luis Valley, potato harvest was virtually complete. A reporter noted hay supplies were still noticeably short.

In southeastern counties, more rain was received last week that delayed harvest. A reporter noted they had two hard freezes which ended growth for corn and sorghum, but was harsh enough to set alfalfa back.

Statewide, corn was rated 68 percent good to excellent, compared with 78 percent rated good to excellent last year.

Stored feed supplies were rated 8 percent very short, 19 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus.Sheep death loss was 72 percent average and 28 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 2 percent heavy, 76 percent average, and 22 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Alfalfa hay 

       

4th cutting harvested .......................................... 

64 

59 

60 

72 

Corn 

       

Mature ............................................................... 

94 

85 

84 

92 

Harvested for grain ........................................... 

38 

29 

17 

33 

Dry edible beans 

       

Harvested .......................................................... 

96 

92 

93 

87 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

     

Harvested .......................................................... 

96 

83 

94 

93 

Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 

     

Harvested .......................................................... 

100 

94 

90 

NA 

Sorghum 

       

Mature ............................................................... 

94 

70 

82 

86 

Harvested .......................................................... 

26 

19 

12 

28 

Sugarbeets 

       

Harvested .......................................................... 

39 

26 

34 

45 

Sunflowers 

       

Harvested .......................................................... 

20 

11 

31 

Winter wheat 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

94 

86 

93 

96 

Emerged ............................................................ 

75 

66 

63 

75 

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION

 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

Days suitable for fieldwork .................................... 

5.3 

3.8 

6.7 

6.4 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Very short ......................................................... 

Short ................................................................. 

18 

23 

10 

27 

Adequate ........................................................... 

74 

70 

87 

64 

Surplus .............................................................. 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short ......................................................... 

16 

11 

12 

Short ................................................................. 

25 

28 

14 

29 

Adequate ........................................................... 

58 

60 

82 

58 

Surplus .............................................................. 

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Corn 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

20 

24 

16 

23 

Good ................................................................. 

54 

62 

56 

54 

Excellent ........................................................... 

14 

22 

14 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

28 

29 

Poor ................................................................... 

27 

25 

15 

Fair .................................................................... 

17 

20 

22 

28 

Good ................................................................. 

24 

24 

54 

43 

Excellent ........................................................... 

15 

Sorghum 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

10 

Poor ................................................................... 

13 

Fair .................................................................... 

26 

25 

12 

30 

Good ................................................................. 

45 

61 

60 

45 

Excellent ........................................................... 

10 

20 

Sugarbeets 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

NA 

Poor ................................................................... 

NA 

Fair .................................................................... 

24 

24 

14 

NA 

Good ................................................................. 

42 

51 

60 

NA 

Excellent ........................................................... 

25 

16 

22 

NA 

Sunflowers 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

29 

26 

15 

28 

Good ................................................................. 

58 

66 

59 

49 

Excellent ........................................................... 

23 

11 

Winter wheat 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

25 

32 

34 

38 

Good ................................................................. 

55 

51 

42 

43 

Excellent ........................................................... 

13 

13 

Livestock 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

17 

18 

14 

16 

Good ................................................................. 

68 

69 

78 

72 

Excellent ........................................................... 

10 

10