Colorado Crop Progress and Condition Summary – Week Ending July 22, 2018

PROMO 660 x 440 Agriculture - Computer Word Green Arrow - iStock
Published Tuesday, July 24, 2018

Most areas of the state benefitted from monsoonal moisture last week, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

Hot temperatures continued to accelerate crop development and maturity of small grains; winter wheat harvested was still ahead of average by week's end.

Northeastern counties received enough moisture to slow winter wheat harvest slightly in areas, but return of hot and dry weather allowed producers to make rapid progress overall. A reporter in Morgan county noted winter wheat yield losses were observed due to insect damage from wheat stem sawfly. Livestock were reportedly doing well in areas where pastureland has received good moisture and grass is lush. Irrigated crops were noted to be thriving, although concerns were raised whether enough irrigation water would be available to see crops through to maturity.

East central counties also received beneficial moisture last week, although precipitation was spotty depending upon locality. Several areas remained extremely dry, boosting concerns for late summer range and crop conditions. In southwestern counties, monsoonal moisture brought relief to drought-stricken areas, but was not enough to make a significant dent yet in overall poor conditions.

The San Luis Valley received minimal moisture last week, but crops were doing well overall and advancing quickly due to heat. A reporter noted second cutting of alfalfa just started last week. Range conditions continued to suffer due to lack of moisture, and hay supplies were noted to be short.

In southeastern counties, beneficial rain was received, although measured amounts were very spotty. A reporter in Baca county noted cattle were being moved to CRP grass in order for native pasture grasses to get a rest due to drought.

Statewide, winter wheat harvested was at 90 percent complete, compared to 80 percent on average.

Stored feed supplies were rated 7 percent very short, 24 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 4 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 55 percent average and 45 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 59 percent average and 41 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Alfalfa hay 

       

2nd cutting harvested ......................................... 

61 

44 

56 

53 

3rd cutting harvested .......................................... 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Barley 

       

Headed .............................................................. 

98 

93 

96 

96 

Turning color .................................................... 

63 

28 

43 

39 

Harvested .......................................................... 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Corn 

       

Silked ................................................................ 

55 

17 

19 

28 

Doughed ............................................................ 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Dry edible beans 

       

Blooming .......................................................... 

57 

34 

33 

41 

Sorghum 

       

Headed .............................................................. 

28 

11 

11 

Spring wheat 

       

Headed .............................................................. 

80 

59 

92 

96 

Turning color .................................................... 

18 

36 

42 

Winter wheat 

       

Harvested .......................................................... 

90 

80 

88 

80 

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION

 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

Days suitable for fieldwork .................................... 

6.2 

6.6 

6.5 

6.2 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Very short ......................................................... 

24 

27 

11 

Short ................................................................. 

35 

28 

36 

31 

Adequate .......................................................... 

40 

44 

53 

55 

Surplus.............................................................. 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short ......................................................... 

23 

22 

16 

Short ................................................................. 

33 

29 

36 

29 

Adequate .......................................................... 

43 

48 

58 

53 

Surplus.............................................................. 

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Alfalfa hay 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

Poor ................................................................... 

15 

15 

12 

Fair .................................................................... 

33 

30 

27 

24 

Good ................................................................. 

36 

41 

49 

50 

Excellent ........................................................... 

11 

14 

Barley 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

-- 

Fair .................................................................... 

34 

36 

22 

20 

Good ................................................................. 

45 

45 

59 

53 

Excellent ........................................................... 

19 

18 

19 

25 

Corn 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

Poor ................................................................... 

14 

14 

Fair .................................................................... 

25 

20 

20 

23 

Good ................................................................. 

44 

62 

50 

54 

Excellent ........................................................... 

12 

12 

Dry edible beans 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

16 

12 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

30 

25 

11 

Fair .................................................................... 

16 

14 

29 

35 

Good ................................................................. 

26 

38 

54 

54 

Excellent ........................................................... 

12 

11 

Onions 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

-- 

Fair .................................................................... 

16 

24 

41 

21 

Good ................................................................. 

70 

68 

47 

60 

Excellent ........................................................... 

10 

12 

15 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

25 

30 

Poor ................................................................... 

26 

24 

16 

17 

Fair .................................................................... 

28 

25 

35 

26 

Good ................................................................. 

21 

21 

39 

40 

Excellent ........................................................... 

-- 

-- 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

     

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

-- 

NA 

Poor ................................................................... 

NA 

Fair .................................................................... 

16 

19 

18 

NA 

Good ................................................................. 

53 

48 

49 

NA 

Excellent ........................................................... 

26 

28 

31 

NA 

Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 

     

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

NA 

Poor ................................................................... 

-- 

NA 

Fair .................................................................... 

13 

12 

15 

NA 

Good ................................................................. 

59 

64 

80 

NA 

Excellent ........................................................... 

23 

19 

NA 

Sorghum 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

12 

14 

Poor ................................................................... 

13 

12 

12 

12 

Fair .................................................................... 

34 

30 

38 

37 

Good ................................................................. 

38 

40 

39 

44 

Excellent ........................................................... 

Spring wheat 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

28 

13 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

15 

20 

29 

Good ................................................................. 

55 

62 

73 

58 

Excellent ........................................................... 

Sugarbeets 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

19 

17 

18 

16 

Good ................................................................. 

57 

60 

62 

65 

Excellent ........................................................... 

19 

18 

18 

17 

Sunflowers 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

-- 

10 

Fair .................................................................... 

30 

30 

34 

33 

Good ................................................................. 

62 

70 

54 

47 

Excellent ........................................................... 

-- 

Livestock 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

20 

13 

19 

19 

Good ................................................................. 

63 

76 

68 

66 

Excellent ........................................................... 

11 

12