Ag stats: Colorado crop progress and condition report – week ending July 24, 2022

PROMO 64J1 Agriculture - Statistics Stats Farmer Field Technology - iStock - William_Potter
Published Tuesday, July 26, 2022

Harvest of winter wheat approached completion in several counties by the end of the week, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

According to the U.S. Drought Monitor, 82 percent of the State is under drought conditions, down one percentage point from the previous week. Forty percent of the State is experiencing severe to exceptional drought conditions, up 8 percentage points from last week. Extreme drought conditions are affecting 5 percent of the State, equal to last week.

2022-07-21_map_colorado_drought_conditions_-_july_19_2022_-_national_drought_mitigation_center.png

MAP Colorado Drought Conditions - July 19, 2022 - National Drought Mitigation Center
Colorado Drought Conditions - July 19, 2022 - National Drought Mitigation Center

In northeastern and east central counties, continued high temperatures and limited moisture allowed winter wheat harvest to advance rapidly. Current reports state the conditions this growing season are unlike any other, and while yields are low, the overall quality of the winter wheat crop continues to be higher than expected. Moisture received over the weekend provided a much-needed reprieve from temperatures that have been more than ten degrees above average in some areas. Areas in Kiowa, Kit Carson, Morgan, and Washington Counties received over an inch of moisture late in the week. Irrigation water supplies were adequate with no reports regarding restricted usage. Non-irrigated crops and pastures continue to show signs of stress due to heat and inconsistent rain.

In southwestern counties, reporters noted crops are developing well after receiving decent moisture for the month of July. Rain has improved pasture and rangeland conditions, which allows producers to continue grazing livestock. A reporter in Mesa County stated irrigation water is being cut, limiting the amount of water producers can utilize.

In the San Luis Valley, above average temperatures and scattered thunderstorms were widespread last week. Reporters note the potato and barley crops continue to develop well, but more moisture would aide in crop development as irrigation alone can't keep up. According to county reports, irrigation water supply is a concern, with well levels dropping significantly.

In southeastern counties, above average temperatures and windy conditions were observed last week. Bent and Prowers Counties received wind gusts above 40 miles per hour over the weekend. Areas of Bent, Otero, and Prowers Counties received over an inch of precipitation, while the rest of the district remained primarily dry. The northeast corner of Bent County received the most moisture last week, with over two inches of rain received.

Stored feed supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 31 percent short, 66 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 85 percent average and 15 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 95 percent average and 5 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa Hay 

       

2nd cutting harvested 

43 

26 

55 

57 

3rd cutting harvested 

-- 

Barley 

       

Turning color 

38 

17 

54 

59 

Corn 

       

Silked 

38 

20 

49 

46 

Doughed 

10 

Dry edible beans 

       

Blooming 

25 

15 

51 

44 

Sorghum 

       

Headed 

10 

-- 

12 

16 

Turning color 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Winter wheat 

       

Harvested 

88 

57 

88 

87 

 DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION 

 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

Days suitable for fieldwork 

6.7 

6.2 

6.6 

6.0 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Very short 

20 

23 

13 

12 

Short 

45 

47 

29 

29 

Adequate 

35 

30 

57 

57 

Surplus 

-- 

-- 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short 

32 

40 

21 

14 

Short 

40 

42 

29 

28 

Adequate 

28 

18 

50 

56 

Surplus 

--- 

-- 

-- 

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa hay 

       

Very poor 

Poor 

18 

12 

Fair 

32 

32 

21 

20 

Good 

53 

49 

41 

51 

Excellent 

11 

12 

12 

Barley 

       

Very poor 

Poor 

10 

Fair 

25 

30 

30 

23 

Good 

43 

43 

37 

50 

Excellent 

20 

18 

17 

22 

Corn 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

14 

14 

Fair 

50 

40 

21 

24 

Good 

31 

29 

55 

52 

Excellent 

15 

19 

12 

Dry edible beans 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

25 

16 

12 

14 

Fair 

30 

23 

38 

26 

Good 

13 

34 

33 

47 

Excellent 

27 

27 

17 

10 

Onions 

       

Very poor 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

35 

35 

40 

23 

Good 

55 

55 

46 

62 

Excellent 

11 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor 

25 

16 

Poor 

26 

27 

13 

15 

Fair 

24 

26 

27 

29 

Good 

20 

25 

30 

38 

Excellent 

24 

Potatoes inside the San Luis Valley 

       

Very poor 

Poor 

13 

Fair 

20 

20 

25 

19 

Good 

57 

57 

42 

52 

Excellent 

18 

18 

18 

23 

Potatoes outside the San Luis Valley 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

-- 

-- 

Fair 

50 

40 

33 

18 

Good 

50 

60 

55 

65 

Excellent 

-- 

-- 

10 

14 

Sorghum 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

14 

14 

Fair 

50 

47 

18 

29 

Good 

25 

33 

71 

51 

Excellent 

11 

10 

Sugarbeets 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Fair 

50 

40 

25 

20 

Good 

50 

40 

50 

58 

Excellent 

-- 

20 

25 

17 

Sunflowers 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

60 

61 

30 

31 

Good 

36 

23 

56 

57 

Excellent 

Livestock 

       

Very poor 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

14 

23 

15 

16 

Good 

74 

58 

55 

67 

Excellent 

10 

12 

26 

13 

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