Ag stats: Colorado crop progress and condition report for the week ending May 19, 2019

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Published Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Warmer and drier conditions helped advance planting progress and crop emergence last week, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. However, lack of moisture was a primary concern in areas that have not benefited from recent moisture.

In northwestern counties, a reporter noted alfalfa condition declined due to pressure from pocket gophers in fields.

In northeastern counties, isolated severe weather and damaging hail was reported. While planting and emergence picked up, dry field conditions and uneven emergence were noted in areas where moisture was absent. Some producers delayed planting in anticipation of more moisture. Lack of moisture and effect on rangeland was also a concern.

East central county reporters noted mid-week heat exacerbated locally dry areas. Concerns regarding inadequate moisture for winter wheat and rangeland grass growth were noted.

In the San Luis Valley, fall potato planting advanced and barley planting was virtually finished. A reporter noted potato emergence was slowed by cold soil temperatures. A reporter noted barley was doing well but growers had issues applying fertilizer around adverse weather.

In southeastern counties, reporters noted crop conditions declined due to warm, windy weather. Moisture was greatly needed to maintain winter wheat condition. Alfalfa weevil pressure in non-irrigated fields was noted with some producers spraying to mitigate.

As of May 20, 2019, snowpack in Colorado was 186 percent measured as percent of median snowfall. The Southwest and San Luis Valley were 294 and 247 percent, respectively.

Stored feed supplies were rated 6 percent very short, 20 percent short, 72 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 86 percent average and 14 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 3 percent heavy, 87 percent average, and 10 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa hay 

       

1st cutting harvested 

NA 

Barley 

       

Planted 

96 

93 

97 

96 

Emerged 

85 

79 

90 

80 

Corn 

       

Planted 

63 

39 

63 

69 

Emerged 

12 

28 

29 

Dry edible beans 

       

Planted 

Onions 

       

Planted 

80 

70 

NA 

NA 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

     

Planted 

77 

55 

87 

74 

Emerged 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 

     

Planted 

79 

60 

80 

88 

Emerged 

29 

18 

32 

46 

Proso millet 

       

Planted 

17 

10 

NA 

NA 

Sorghum 

       

Planted 

-- 

13 

Sugarbeets 

       

Planted 

95 

92 

94 

95 

Emerged 

54 

43 

59 

65 

Winter wheat 

       

Jointed 

89 

77 

84 

86 

Headed 

18 

31 

35 

Cattle and calves 

       

Cows calved 

96 

93 

95 

98 

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION

 

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

Days suitable for fieldwork 

6.2 

3.9 

5.4 

4.3 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Very short 

12 

Short 

12 

25 

16 

Adequate 

82 

86 

60 

69 

Surplus. 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short 

13 

Short 

13 

11 

24 

18 

Adequate 

82 

85 

63 

69 

Surplus. 

-- 

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa hay 

       

Very poor 

-- 

NA 

Poor 

10 

NA 

Fair 

13 

27 

NA 

Good 

66 

75 

44 

NA 

Excellent 

13 

16 

10 

NA 

Barley 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

-- 

-- 

Fair 

21 

12 

12 

18 

Good 

57 

56 

73 

57 

Excellent 

22 

32 

12 

23 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor 

13 

Poor 

19 

15 

Fair 

24 

20 

27 

24 

Good 

60 

69 

40 

46 

Excellent 

Sugarbeets 

       

Very poor 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Poor 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Fair 

27 

NA 

24 

NA 

Good 

50 

NA 

58 

NA 

Excellent 

23 

NA 

13 

NA 

Winter wheat 

       

Very poor 

-- 

Poor 

14 

13 

Fair 

22 

21 

31 

31 

Good 

58 

62 

44 

41 

Excellent 

16 

15 

Livestock 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

21 

17 

16 

17 

Good 

62 

71 

69 

71 

Excellent 

10 

10 

10