Colorado Crop Progress and Condition Summary – May 20, 2018

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Published Monday, May 21, 2018

Storm systems at week's end brought locally heavy rain to mostly northern and eastern counties, while conditions in western and southern counties continued to deteriorate due to drought, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

Northeastern county reporters noted moisture last week continued to improve dryland crop and pasture conditions, although isolated damaging hail was also observed. Heavy weekend moisture delayed fieldwork with weed emergence in wheat an issue due to limited field access.

East central counties received varying amounts of moisture. Some localities received over an inch, while others reportedly received very little. Where received, moisture improved overall conditions. In southwestern counties, drought conditions remained critical and a reporter noted many producers are facing drastic reductions in irrigation water supplies.

Topsoil moisture in the San Luis Valley remained short with some alfalfa stands showing improvement, while others started being replanted with other crops. Fall potato and small grains planting progressed well last week and barley emergence was noted to pick up. In southeastern counties, reporters noted moisture was sporadic and several areas continued to decline due to extended drought.

Livestock producers began reducing herd numbers in response to poor pasture conditions, and detrimental grasshopper infestations were noted. A reporter also noted alfalfa was being sprayed for increased insect presence.

As of May 21, 2018, snowpack in Colorado was 43 percent measured as percent of median snowfall. The Southwest and San Luis Valley were 4 and 5 percent, respectively.

Stored feed supplies were rated 7 percent very short, 22 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 43 percent average and 57 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 82 percent average and 18 percent light.

 CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS 

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Alfalfa hay 

       

1st cutting harvested .......................................... 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Barley 

       

Emerged ............................................................ 

91 

81 

83 

79 

Corn 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

67 

41 

67 

71 

Emerged ............................................................ 

31 

32 

31 

Dry edible beans 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

10 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

88 

81 

73 

74 

Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

82 

70 

81 

88 

Emerged ............................................................ 

36 

11 

55 

45 

Sorghum 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

-- 

13 

13 

Spring wheat 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

89 

84 

81 

83 

Emerged ............................................................ 

69 

59 

66 

56 

Sugarbeets 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

95 

90 

95 

90 

Emerged ............................................................ 

62 

39 

68 

61 

Sunflowers 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

-- 

Winter wheat 

       

Jointed ............................................................... 

86 

72 

92 

82 

Headed .............................................................. 

34 

11 

41 

32 

Cattle and calves 

       

Cows calved ...................................................... 

95 

94 

96 

99 

         

 DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION 

 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

Days suitable for fieldwork .................................... 

5.4 

6.1 

3.4 

4.6 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Very short ......................................................... 

12 

19 

-- 

Short ................................................................. 

25 

25 

18 

Adequate .......................................................... 

60 

55 

86 

65 

Surplus.............................................................. 

11 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short ......................................................... 

13 

12 

-- 

15 

Short ................................................................. 

24 

26 

21 

Adequate .......................................................... 

63 

62 

89 

60 

Surplus.............................................................. 

-- 

-- 

         

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION 

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Alfalfa hay 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

NA 

Poor ................................................................... 

10 

NA 

Fair .................................................................... 

27 

27 

21 

NA 

Good ................................................................. 

44 

46 

66 

NA 

Excellent ........................................................... 

10 

10 

NA 

Barley 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

-- 

Fair .................................................................... 

12 

23 

13 

21 

Good ................................................................. 

73 

52 

53 

54 

Excellent ........................................................... 

12 

21 

34 

24 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

13 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

19 

20 

16 

Fair .................................................................... 

27 

33 

23 

28 

Good ................................................................. 

40 

38 

66 

41 

Excellent ........................................................... 

-- 

Spring wheat 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

25 

NA 

-- 

NA 

Poor ................................................................... 

NA 

NA 

Fair .................................................................... 

NA 

NA 

Good ................................................................. 

56 

NA 

90 

NA 

Excellent ........................................................... 

NA 

NA 

Sugarbeets 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

NA 

NA 

NA 

Poor ................................................................... 

NA 

NA 

NA 

Fair .................................................................... 

24 

NA 

NA 

NA 

Good ................................................................. 

58 

NA 

NA 

NA 

Excellent ........................................................... 

13 

NA 

NA 

NA 

Winter wheat 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

13 

Poor ................................................................... 

14 

12 

13 

14 

Fair .................................................................... 

31 

29 

38 

31 

Good ................................................................. 

44 

49 

37 

36 

Excellent ........................................................... 

Livestock 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

16 

16 

15 

20 

Good ................................................................. 

69 

71 

73 

70 

Excellent ........................................................... 

10 

10