Ag stats: Colorado crop progress and condition report – week ending October 7, 2018

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Published Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Widespread moisture received across the state last week brought welcome relief to areas suffering from drought but delayed fieldwork, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

In northwestern counties, a reporter noted much needed rain was received last week that helped alleviate dry conditions, at least for the short term.

In northeastern counties, a reporter commented substantial rain in areas delayed winter wheat planting but created more favorable conditions for germination of wheat that was previously seeded into dry soil. Rain also delayed harvest activities. A reporter noted producers were still waiting for corn and other crops to dry down before beginning harvest. Livestock producers were noted as seeking alternative feed sources due to poor pasture conditions and continued to sell and wean calves.

In east central counties, moisture received over the weekend aided winter wheat condition and emergence. A reporter noted corn harvest continued around precipitation events and producers expected to start sorghum harvest soon.

Southwestern counties also received beneficial moisture last week that provided short term relief, but drought conditions persisted.

In the San Luis Valley, moisture was sporadic and potato harvest made quick progress. Third cutting alfalfa harvest was virtually complete.

In southeastern counties, received moisture and heavy dew slowed harvest. A reporter in Otero county noted that corn in poor condition due to lack of adequate irrigation water during the year was cut for silage instead of grain.

Statewide, corn was rated 73 percent good to excellent, compared with 62 percent rated good to excellent last year. Stored feed supplies were rated 10 percent very short, 20 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 64 percent average and 36 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 3 percent heavy, 72 percent average, and 25 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Alfalfa hay 

       

3rd cutting harvested .......................................... 

96 

94 

93 

94 

4th cutting harvested .......................................... 

52 

45 

34 

43 

Corn 

       

Mature ............................................................... 

73 

59 

57 

70 

Harvested for grain ........................................... 

20 

11 

14 

Dry edible beans 

       

Cut .................................................................... 

97 

92 

86 

87 

Harvested .......................................................... 

88 

72 

68 

62 

Onions 

       

Harvested .......................................................... 

95 

94 

83 

76 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

     

Harvested .......................................................... 

78 

54 

68 

66 

Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 

     

Harvested .......................................................... 

82 

72 

62 

NA 

Sorghum 

       

Mature ............................................................... 

53 

43 

44 

54 

Harvested .......................................................... 

13 

10 

Sugarbeets 

       

Harvested .......................................................... 

14 

11 

25 

Winter wheat 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

78 

67 

68 

79 

Emerged ............................................................ 

56 

39 

37 

47 

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION

 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

Days suitable for fieldwork .................................... 

5.8 

6.6 

4.6 

NA 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Very short ......................................................... 

12 

18 

Short ................................................................. 

33 

41 

13 

27 

Adequate .......................................................... 

54 

41 

80 

64 

Surplus.............................................................. 

-- 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short ......................................................... 

14 

19 

11 

Short ................................................................. 

28 

33 

20 

30 

Adequate .......................................................... 

57 

47 

75 

58 

Surplus.............................................................. 

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Alfalfa hay 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

10 

NA 

Poor ................................................................... 

16 

19 

11 

NA 

Fair .................................................................... 

29 

30 

23 

NA 

Good ................................................................. 

39 

33 

57 

NA 

Excellent ........................................................... 

NA 

Corn 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

Poor ................................................................... 

11 

10 

Fair .................................................................... 

21 

19 

26 

26 

Good ................................................................. 

69 

59 

45 

50 

Excellent ........................................................... 

17 

14 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

31 

28 

Poor ................................................................... 

31 

29 

14 

16 

Fair .................................................................... 

19 

17 

25 

29 

Good ................................................................. 

17 

23 

45 

41 

Excellent ........................................................... 

14 

Sorghum 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

Poor ................................................................... 

15 

Fair .................................................................... 

26 

26 

19 

32 

Good ................................................................. 

60 

55 

53 

41 

Excellent ........................................................... 

13 

Sugarbeets 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

18 

34 

18 

17 

Good ................................................................. 

53 

45 

59 

64 

Excellent ........................................................... 

23 

11 

16 

15 

Sunflowers 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

10 

Fair .................................................................... 

27 

29 

21 

28 

Good ................................................................. 

67 

62 

55 

46 

Excellent ........................................................... 

18 

10 

Livestock 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

16 

25 

25 

18 

Good ................................................................. 

71 

62 

68 

70 

Excellent ........................................................... 

10