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PROMO 64J1 Agriculture - Statistics Stats Farmer Field Technology - iStock - William_Potter

Colorado crop progress and condition report – week ending October 16, 2022

© iStock - William_Potter

Harvest activities progressed quickly across the State last week amongst dry, warm weather, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

According to the U.S. Drought Monitor for October 11, just over 43 percent of the State was categorized in moderate drought or worse, down slightly from the previous week. Over 13 percent of the State is experiencing severe to exceptional drought conditions, equal to last week. The exceptional drought conditions noted across portions of Phillips and Sedgwick Counties remain unchanged from last week, accounting for less than one percent of the State.

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MAP Colorado Drought Conditions - October 11, 2022 - National Drought Mitigation Center.

Colorado Drought Conditions - October 11, 2022 - National Drought Mitigation Center.

Very little measurable moisture was received across the State last week, with southwestern La Plata County garnering the most moisture with 0.15 inches received.

Above average temperatures were observed across the State last week, with eastern counties seeing temperatures more than six degrees above average. Reports on sunflower harvest are mixed, with harvest not yet started in areas of eastern Colorado and quick harvest progress in southwestern Colorado.

Potato harvest in the San Luis Valley advanced last week but continues to progress slower than average. Reporters note recent frosts have stopped alfalfa growth in the area. Fourth cutting of alfalfa is progressing well in the northeastern and southwestern portions of the State, continuing ahead of the 5-year average.

Reporters in the southwestern portion of the State noted alfalfa and corn harvest had slowed to give the crops time to dry from recent rains.

Statewide, planting of the 2023 winter wheat crop was almost complete, with 95 percent of the crop planted, compared with last year and the 5-year average at 91 percent.

Proso millet harvest is almost complete, with 97 percent of the crop harvested. The corn crop is almost fully mature, ahead of average and corn for grain harvest progressed well last week, but still falls short of the previous year at 43 percent and the 5-year average of 34 percent.

Most livestock are still in good condition despite diminishing pasture and rangeland conditions.

Stored feed supplies were rated 10 percent very short, 30 percent short, 54 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 83 percent average and 17 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 2 percent heavy, 84 percent average, and 14 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa Hay 

    

4th cutting harvested 

66 

55 

72 

62 

Corn 

    

Mature 

95 

80 

90 

87 

Harvested for grain 

27 

19 

43 

34 

Dry edible beans 

    

Harvested 

89 

65 

65 

76 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

    

Harvested 

88 

79 

97 

NA 

Proso millet 

    

Harvested 

97 

90 

NA 

NA 

Sorghum 

    

Mature 

80 

70 

93 

83 

Harvested 

39 

25 

41 

29 

Sugarbeets 

    

Harvested 

45 

35 

75 

49 

Sunflowers 

    

Harvested 

21 

10 

28 

30 

Winter wheat 

    

Planted 

95 

85 

91 

91 

Emerged 

60 

46 

56 

62 

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION

 

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

Days suitable for fieldwork 

6.7 

6.6 

6.5 

6.3 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Very short 

30 

25 

41 

23 

Short 

44 

45 

29 

25 

Adequate 

26 

30 

30 

51 

Surplus 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Subsoil moisture 

    

Very short 

33 

32 

40 

24 

Short 

41 

42 

28 

26 

Adequate 

26 

26 

32 

49 

Surplus 

-- 

-- 

-- 

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Corn 

    

Very poor 

18 

10 

Poor 

25 

21 

19 

12 

Fair 

34 

39 

18 

22 

Good 

21 

26 

43 

46 

Excellent 

13 

12 

Pasture and range 

    

Very poor 

13 

12 

23 

18 

Poor 

24 

23 

25 

20 

Fair 

29 

29 

23 

23 

Good 

30 

30 

16 

32 

Excellent 

13 

Sorghum 

    

Very poor 

11 

Poor 

14 

14 

15 

10 

Fair 

38 

39 

20 

27 

Good 

34 

33 

39 

44 

Excellent 

15 

11 

Sugarbeets 

    

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Poor 

-- 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Fair 

55 

50 

NA 

NA 

Good 

45 

50 

NA 

NA 

Excellent 

-- 

-- 

NA 

NA 

Sunflowers 

    

Very poor 

16 

Poor 

17 

Fair 

46 

56 

39 

31 

Good 

21 

27 

41 

50 

Excellent 

-- 

10 

Livestock 

    

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

11 

13 

23 

18 

Good 

62 

58 

49 

65 

Excellent 

24 

26 

19 

11