Ag stats: Colorado crop progress and condition report – week ending May 10, 2020

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Published Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Pasture and rangeland condition as well as winter wheat condition deteriorated last week amidst more dry weather, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Soil moisture supplies also degraded, with topsoil moisture rated 52 percent very short to short and subsoil moisture rated 43 percent very short to short, compared to 9 percent and 12 percent rated very short to short last year, respectively.

Northeastern counties received isolated but beneficial moisture and experienced cooler temperatures. Some fieldwork was delayed due to prior received moisture, but spring planting continued where conditions allowed. Lack of heat units was a concern for growth of seeded corn. Planting of non-irrigated corn was noted as slow.

A few east central counties received isolated moisture but the rest remained dry. High winds were observed. A report in Kiowa county noted that dry weather and high winds further hurt the winter wheat crop, including acreage thus far that had been better off.

In the San Luis Valley, potato planting advanced very quickly and planting of barley was nearly complete. A report noted that prior freezing temperatures hurt the barley in areas and some acreage was being replanted. No moisture was received last week and drought conditions worsened, but overall the weather was ideal for most irrigated crop growth. The alfalfa crop was noted as a couple weeks behind.

Southeastern counties received no moisture last week and experienced high winds. Reports indicated that livestock producers were selling off stock and feed supplies were notably short. No received moisture and limited irrigation water supplies meant crop producers were uncertain whether current conditions were conducive to planting their planned crops.

According to the latest U.S. Drought Monitor report, some southern counties were experiencing extreme drought (D3), a decline of one category from the prior week.

2020-05-08_map_64j1_colorado_drought_conditions_-_may_2_2020_-_national_drought_mitigation_center.jpg

MAP Colorado Drought Conditions - May 2, 2020 - National Drought Mitigation Center
Colorado Drought Conditions - May 2, 2020 - National Drought Mitigation Center

As of May 11, 2020, snowpack in Colorado was 69 percent measured as percent of median snowfall. The Southwest and San Luis Valley were 39 percent and 27 percent, respectively.

Stored feed supplies were rated 4 percent very short, 17 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 42 percent average and 58 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 72 percent average and 28 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Barley 

       

Planted 

97 

91 

91 

91 

Emerged 

80 

59 

71 

62 

Corn 

       

Planted 

51 

33 

34 

37 

Emerged 

-- 

Onions 

       

Planted 

52 

42 

65 

84 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

     

Planted 

80 

50 

48 

46 

Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 

     

Planted 

54 

29 

55 

75 

Emerged 

-- 

14 

15 

Proso Millet 

       

Planted 

-- 

NA 

Sorghum 

       

Planted 

18 

-- 

-- 

Sugarbeets 

       

Planted 

55 

39 

89 

86 

Emerged 

10 

38 

35 

Sunflowers 

       

Planted 

16 

NA 

-- 

Winter wheat 

       

Jointed 

64 

57 

70 

76 

Headed 

11 

10 

Cattle and calves 

       

Cows calved 

95 

93 

92 

95 

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION

 

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

Days suitable for fieldwork 

6.5 

6.5 

3.9 

4.4 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Very short 

20 

18 

Short 

32 

31 

12 

Adequate 

48 

51 

86 

76 

Surplus 

-- 

-- 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short 

16 

12 

Short 

27 

26 

11 

18 

Adequate 

57 

62 

85 

73 

Surplus 

-- 

-- 

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa hay 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

NA 

Poor 

NA 

Fair 

22 

22 

NA 

Good 

58 

67 

75 

NA 

Excellent 

16 

NA 

Barley 

       

Very poor 

-- 

NA 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

NA 

-- 

Fair 

18 

NA 

12 

21 

Good 

57 

NA 

56 

57 

Excellent 

24 

NA 

32 

21 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor 

14 

11 

Poor 

15 

15 

11 

Fair 

30 

31 

20 

28 

Good 

41 

42 

69 

50 

Excellent 

-- 

Winter wheat 

       

Very poor 

19 

16 

-- 

Poor 

19 

18 

10 

Fair 

27 

28 

21 

28 

Good 

33 

35 

62 

49 

Excellent 

15 

10 

Livestock 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

20 

20 

17 

16 

Good 

67 

67 

71 

72 

Excellent 

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