Ag stats: Colorado crop progress and condition summary – week ending July 12, 2020

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Published Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Winter wheat harvest continued to progress amidst hot and dry conditions last week, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA.

Statewide, winter wheat harvested was 70 percent complete, compared to 19 percent last year and 45 percent on average. In northwestern counties, crop and pasture conditions declined due to lack of consistent precipitation.

Winter wheat harvest in northeastern counties was well underway and advanced quickly last week. Adverse yields were reported due to wheat stem sawfly infestations and dry conditions this year. Hot and dry weather continued to be a primary concern for condition of non-irrigated spring crops. Irrigated crops were showing stress from hot and windy weather; uneven growth was noted. Availability of irrigation water supplies through the end of the season were a concern. County reports noted livestock producers were pulling stock off pastures early due to lack of grass, providing supplemental feed, and searching for other grazing arrangements. Herd reduction through culling was also noted.

2020-07-10_map_colorado_drought_conditions_-_july_7_2020_-_national_drought_mitigation_center.png

MAP Colorado Drought Conditions - July 7, 2020 - National Drought Mitigation Center
Colorado Drought Conditions - July 7, 2020. Courtesy National Drought Mitigation Center

In east central counties, severe weather on July 12 brought isolated heavy precipitation, damaging hail, and tornadoes. Moisture was welcome, but overall conditions remained very dry. Non-irrigated crops and pastures were especially showing drought stress.

In the San Luis Valley, conditions remained very dry and irrigation ditches were turned off earlier than normal. Pasture conditions continued to suffer due to lack of moisture. County reports noted mountain pastures were open less time than usual due to dry conditions and limited seasonal growth. Livestock producers were in search of other grazing arrangements.

Southeastern counties received isolated moisture last week accompanied by hail. Hail damage to crops was severe in areas. Hot and windy conditions continued to negate any benefits from precipitation. Winter wheat harvest in the district was wrapping up.

Statewide, stored feed supplies were rated 5 percent very short, 20 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus.

Sheep death loss was 56 percent average and 44 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 82 percent average and 18 percent light.

CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS

Commodity 

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa hay 

       

1st cutting harvested 

96 

93 

NA 

NA 

2nd cutting harvested 

31 

13 

25 

30 

Barley 

       

Headed 

92 

83 

84 

89 

Turning color 

10 

20 

20 

Corn 

       

Silked 

Dry edible beans 

       

Emerged 

99 

92 

95 

NA 

Blooming 

14 

17 

16 

Sorghum 

       

Emerged 

91 

89 

92 

NA 

Winter wheat 

       

Mature 

95 

74 

62 

83 

Harvested 

70 

36 

19 

45 

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION

 

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

Days suitable for fieldwork 

6.7 

6.1 

6.3 

6.4 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Very short 

32 

23 

Short 

34 

33 

17 

22 

Adequate 

34 

44 

74 

65 

Surplus. 

-- 

-- 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short 

32 

27 

Short 

38 

39 

19 

21 

Adequate 

30 

34 

75 

70 

Surplus. 

-- 

-- 

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION

Commodity

Current week

Previous week

Previous year

5-year average

 

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

(percent)

Alfalfa hay 

       

Very poor 

Poor 

12 

11 

Fair 

29 

28 

21 

Good 

44 

46 

69 

57 

Excellent 

19 

14 

Barley 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

28 

23 

20 

21 

Good 

47 

50 

51 

54 

Excellent 

16 

24 

17 

22 

Corn 

       

Very poor 

-- 

Poor 

15 

11 

Fair 

33 

29 

16 

17 

Good 

39 

48 

65 

64 

Excellent 

17 

13 

Dry edible beans 

       

Very poor 

17 

17 

-- 

Poor 

18 

19 

Fair 

31 

29 

28 

23 

Good 

33 

29 

65 

61 

Excellent 

Onions 

       

Very poor 

-- 

Poor 

-- 

Fair 

30 

29 

19 

Good 

59 

60 

94 

68 

Excellent 

10 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor 

27 

24 

Poor 

17 

17 

10 

Fair 

33 

33 

20 

24 

Good 

23 

26 

61 

49 

Excellent 

-- 

-- 

14 

10 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

     

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

18 

12 

28 

21 

Good 

56 

59 

47 

53 

Excellent 

21 

27 

20 

23 

Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 

     

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

25 

20 

18 

11 

Good 

55 

63 

67 

74 

Excellent 

15 

12 

13 

14 

Sorghum 

       

Very poor 

Poor 

21 

16 

Fair 

49 

34 

26 

27 

Good 

22 

39 

64 

60 

Excellent 

Sugarbeets 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

12 

10 

Fair 

27 

26 

17 

15 

Good 

49 

48 

71 

67 

Excellent 

13 

11 

16 

Sunflowers 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

13 

12 

-- 

Fair 

56 

47 

19 

25 

Good 

27 

35 

75 

61 

Excellent 

-- 

11 

Winter wheat 

       

Very poor 

23 

19 

Poor 

22 

20 

10 

Fair 

34 

38 

14 

27 

Good 

20 

20 

50 

43 

Excellent 

32 

16 

Livestock 

       

Very poor 

-- 

-- 

Poor 

Fair 

20 

20 

11 

11 

Good 

65 

65 

70 

75 

Excellent 

16 

13 

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