Colorado Crop Progress and Condition Summary – May 14, 2018

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Published Monday, May 14, 2018

Hot and dry conditions accelerated fieldwork and planting activities last week, according to the Mountain Region Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Precipitation late last week was mostly confined to northern and some eastern counties.

Northeastern county reporters observed damaging hail and isolated heavy rainfall, although moisture continued to improve dryland crop and rangeland conditions. In east central counties, those who haven't received moisture noted the winter wheat was severely stressed. High winds were also reported. 

Southwestern counties missed out on precipitation last week, and reporters noted conditions worsened. In Archuleta and La Plata counties, irrigation water was already shut off with reports of crop losses. Livestock producers continued to sell off due to drought. High winds and extreme fire danger were also reported.

In the San Luis Valley, no moisture was received and pastures were noted to be slow-growing. Hay supplies continued to shorten, and producers were feeding longer than expected. Fall potato planting really picked up last week and the majority of small grains planting was complete.

In southeastern counties, wheat aphid infestations were reported to be severe in areas, with producers swathing some wheat for forage in response. 

Statewide, calving and lambing were mostly complete.

As of May 14, 2018, snowpack in Colorado was 46 percent measured as percent of median snowfall. The Southwest and San Luis Valley were 7 and 1 percent, respectively.

Stored feed supplies were rated 9 percent very short, 20 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. 

Sheep death loss was 51 percent average and 49 percent light.

Cattle death loss was 81 percent average and 19 percent light.

 CROP AND LIVESTOCK PROGRESS 

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Barley 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

95 

93 

90 

91 

Emerged ............................................................ 

81 

65 

76 

64 

Corn 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

41 

16 

50 

51 

Emerged ............................................................ 

14 

11 

Dry edible beans 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

NA 

Onions 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

96 

90 

78 

90 

Potatoes inside San Luis Valley 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

81 

46 

48 

43 

Potatoes outside San Luis Valley 

     

Planted .............................................................. 

70 

60 

79 

79 

Emerged ............................................................ 

11 

27 

23 

Spring wheat 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

84 

74 

74 

75 

Emerged ............................................................ 

59 

35 

50 

45 

Sugarbeets 

       

Planted .............................................................. 

90 

75 

86 

82 

Emerged ............................................................ 

39 

18 

42 

38 

Winter wheat 

       

Jointed ............................................................... 

72 

46 

86 

69 

Headed .............................................................. 

11 

18 

16 

Cattle and calves 

       

Cows calved ...................................................... 

94 

93 

94 

97 

Sheep and lambs 

       

Ewes lambed ..................................................... 

99 

98 

92 

96 

         

DAYS SUITABLE FOR FIELDWORK AND SOIL MOISTURE CONDITION 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

Days suitable for fieldwork .................................... 

6.1 

4.8 

4.1 

4.8 

Topsoil moisture 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Very short ......................................................... 

19 

18 

Short ................................................................. 

25 

24 

19 

Adequate ........................................................... 

55 

57 

84 

66 

Surplus .............................................................. 

Subsoil moisture 

       

Very short ......................................................... 

12 

11 

14 

Short ................................................................. 

26 

24 

15 

25 

Adequate ........................................................... 

62 

64 

80 

58 

Surplus .............................................................. 

-- 

         

CROP, LIVESTOCK, PASTURE AND RANGE CONDITION 

Commodity 

Current week 

Previous week 

Previous year 

5-year average 

 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

(percent) 

Alfalfa hay 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

NA 

Poor ................................................................... 

NA 

Fair .................................................................... 

27 

29 

27 

NA 

Good ................................................................. 

46 

47 

60 

NA 

Excellent ........................................................... 

10 

NA 

Barley 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

NA 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

NA 

-- 

Fair .................................................................... 

23 

NA 

13 

25 

Good ................................................................. 

52 

NA 

54 

54 

Excellent ........................................................... 

21 

NA 

33 

19 

Pasture and range 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

14 

10 

Poor ................................................................... 

20 

24 

16 

Fair .................................................................... 

33 

31 

28 

30 

Good ................................................................. 

38 

30 

58 

38 

Excellent ........................................................... 

-- 

10 

Winter wheat 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

13 

Poor ................................................................... 

12 

12 

14 

15 

Fair .................................................................... 

29 

30 

35 

30 

Good ................................................................. 

49 

48 

35 

35 

Excellent ........................................................... 

10 

Livestock 

       

Very poor .......................................................... 

-- 

-- 

-- 

-- 

Poor ................................................................... 

Fair .................................................................... 

16 

13 

16 

21 

Good ................................................................. 

71 

79 

74 

68 

Excellent ...........................................................